What is Eugenics?
Eugenics is a social movement and ideology that aims to improve the genetic quality of the human population. It began in the late 19th century, and was particularly popular in the early 20th century. The basic idea behind eugenics is that certain genetic traits are superior to others, and that people with these superior traits should be encouraged to reproduce, while people with inferior traits should be discouraged from reproducing. This could be done through a variety of methods, such as sterilization, selective breeding, and even euthanasia.
Eugenics was based on the concept of “positive eugenics” and “negative eugenics”, where positive eugenics meant promoting the reproduction of people with desirable traits and negative eugenics meant preventing the reproduction of people with undesirable traits. The ideas of eugenics were used to justify discriminatory policies and practices, such as forced sterilization and euthanasia, particularly in the United States, Canada and some European countries, in the early 20th century, in which thousands of individuals were sterilized.
Eugenics was widely discredited after World War II, particularly after the discovery of the Holocaust, in which Nazi Germany implemented eugenics policies on a massive scale, leading to the systematic extermination of millions of people deemed “racially inferior”. Today, eugenics is widely considered to be a discredited and morally repugnant idea.
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